The year 2016...

The year 2016 was full of events. The US presidential election was pushed back by the "Modi Magic" - demonitaisation of high value Indian currency notes.
Historical win in French open by Djkovic, Elected parliment in Myanmar after 50years, world's longest at 57km tunnel railroad inSwiss, Mother Teresa declared saint, Irom Sharmila ends her hungerstrike after 16 years,etc., everything you know. I have compailed few chosen events of 2016 and presentted here in few pages in the datewise chronological order.

Happy Newyear 2017...

Feb 01, 2016    Myanmar's first freely elected parliament in 50 years has its opening session in Nay Pyi Taw.

Monday, February 1, 2016 represented a significant moment in Myanmar's half-century struggle for democracy. Following 2015 November's historic elections, in which Aung San Suu Kyi's National League for Democracy (NLD) won 80% of the contested seats, Myanmar's first freely elected parliamentary session opened in Myanmar's capital of Nay Pyi Taw. The parliamentary session is the first in over 50 years to constitute a majority of democratically elected representatives, many of whom are NLD members.
2015 November's landslide election:
The parliamentary session is one of the first steps in a transition that began in November, when the NLD won a landslide victory that effectively brought an end to half a century of military rule. However, not all seats at this election were open for contestation. According to Myanmar's constitution, amended by the military government in 2008, 25% of parliamentary seats must be reserved for the military. A party must hold 75% of parliamentary seats in order to change the constitution. The NLD falls short of this, with 390 seats out of 664. Because the military retains a quarter of the seats, the NLD will have to work closely with the armed forcesmoving forward.

The task of selecting a new president:       One of parliament's first jobs will be to choose a new president to replace Thein Sein, who steps down in March. Under the 2008 constitution, Ms. Suu Kyi is barred from running for president. In what is widely perceived as a calculated move by the military government, a rule was included in the constitution barring anybody whose children are citizens of a foreign country from taking up the post. Despite this, the NLD's overwhelming parliamentary majority means it will have the deciding say in who will be next president.

Htin Kyaw was elected as the ninth president of Myanmar on 15 March 2016 by 360 of the 652 MPs at the Assembly of the Union; Aung San Suu Kyi was appointed as the State Counsellor, a position similar to Prime Minister, on 6 April 2016. Htin Kyaw born 20 July 1946, is a Burmese politician and scholar , is the first elected president to hold the office with no ties to the military since the 1962 coup . The second son of scholar Min Thu Wun, Htin Kyaw had held various positions in the education, planning and treasury ministries in prior governments.

                              

June 01, 2016    The Gotthard Base Tunnel.

The Gotthard Base Tunnel (GBT) is a railway base tunnel through the Alps in Switzerland. It opened on 1 June 2016 with full service to begin in December 2016. With a route length of 57.09 km (35.5 mi) and a total of 151.84 km (94.3 mi) of tunnels, shafts and passages, it is the world's longest and deepest traffic tunnel and the first flat, low-level route through the Alps.
The main purpose of the Gotthard Base Tunnel is to increase local transport capacity through the Alpine barrier, especially for freight, notably on the Rotterdam-Basel-Genoa corridor, and more particularly to shift freight volumes from trucks to freight trains. This not only significantly reduces the danger of fatal road crashes involving trucks, but also reduces the environmental damage caused by the ever-increasing amount of freight hauled by heavy trucks. The tunnel will provide a faster connection between the canton of Ticino and the rest of Switzerland, as well as between northern and southern Europe, cutting the time for passenger trains by one hour (and from Lucerne to Bellinzona by 45 minutes).


The world's longest and deepest rail tunnel has officially opened in Switzerland, after almost two decades of construction work.
The 57km (35-mile) twin-bore Gotthard base tunnel will provide a high-speed rail link under the Swiss Alps between northern and southern Europe. Switzerland says it will revolutionise European freight transport. Goods currently carried on the route by a million lorries a year will go by train instead.
The tunnel has overtaken Japan's 53.9km Seikan rail tunnel as the longest in the world and pushed the 50.5km Channel Tunnel linking the UK and France into third place.
The project, which cost more than $12bn (GBP8.3bn) to build, was endorsed by Swiss voters in a referendum in 1992. Voters then backed a proposal from environmental groups to move all freight travelling through Switzerland from road to rail two years later. The completed tunnel travels up to 2.3 km below the surface of the mountains above and through rock that reaches temperatures of 46C. Engineers had to dig and blast through 73 different kinds of rock, some as hard as granite and others as soft as sugar. More than 28m tonnes of rock was excavated, which was then broken down to help make the concrete used to build the tunnel.
Now the completed tunnel, delivered on time and within budget, will create a mainline rail connection between Rotterdam in the Netherlands and Genoa in Italy. When full services begin in December 2016, the journey time for travellers between Zurich and Milan will be reduced by an hour to two hours and 40 minutes. The tunnel's course is flat and straight instead of winding up through the mountains like the old rail tunnel and a road tunnel opened in 1980. About 260 freight trains and 65 passenger trains will pass through the tunnel each day in a journey taking as little as 17 minutes.
The tunnel is being financed by value-added and fuel taxes, road charges on heavy vehicles and state loans that are due to be repaid within a decade. Swiss bank Credit Suisse has said its economic benefits will include the easier movement of goods and increased tourism.
Nine workers died in accidents while the tunnel was under construction. Four were Germans, three Italians, and one each came from South Africa and Austria, according to German news agency dpa. They are commemorated by a plaque near the northern end of the tunnel, Swiss media report.
After testing ends this year, around 260 freight trains and 65 passenger trains are expected to travel through the two-tube tunnel each day, reaching speeds approaching 100 miles an hour for freight and 125 miles an hour with passengers. Passenger trains are expected to eventually reach 155 miles an hour.

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I have gathered and edited these stories , pictures and videos from various media sources and from websites.
I trusted the authenticity of these stories and I am not responsible for them. Some of the stories would have the further developments thereon, but I quoted as it happened on that date like a diary note.
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belum
Less known places in India:
Belum Caves in Andhra Pradesh.

Bangalore, August 02,2016
Belum Caves is the largest tourist cave in Indian subcontinent and the longest caves in plains of Indian Subcontinent, known for its stalactite and stalagmite formations. Belum Caves have long passages, spacious chambers, fresh water galleries and siphons. It is a natural underground cave formed by the constant flow of underground water.


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